the flight to varennes

The Paris sections and radical journalists demanded the immediate abolition of the monarchy and the creation of a republic. It contains 231,429 words in 354 pages and was updated on December 2nd 2020. It was an attempted escape by the Royal Family to reach Austria. It was further delayed near the city gates by a wedding party. I was perplexed by what I saw.”. Jerome Pétion, the Republican politician who later became mayor of Paris, was amazed at the reception afforded the king on his return to the city. to do their duty and come and defend their king. the king only the power to veto (forbid) the execution of any new law for four years. But before these intentions could be Some went further and insisted the king be put on trial for treason against the constitution. Title: “The flight to Varennes” A large contingent of Royalist troops arrived as the king’s carriage was about to depart Varennes. The escape was planned over the preceding month by Count Axel von Fersen, a Swedish general and favourite of Marie Antoinette, who planned to sneak the royal family out of Paris to the loyalist stronghold at Montmedy, in north-eastern France. This Legislative Assembly remained in power nearly twelve months. for the Assembly had decreed, "Whoever applauds the king shall be flogged; whoever insults One was the advice of Honore Mirabeau. Antoinette. Publisher: Alpha History Their failed adventure triggered a rush of crude propaganda that ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt. The queen had to hold the Dauphin in her lap all the way, and there was only one seat for the king's sister and daughter, who therefore took turns sitting in each other's lap. Compare prices on Expedia to get the best flight deals and promotions for Varennes flights before you book! him. Mirabeau’s political vision for France, however, was fundamentally conservative. Outside Paris, the king and his family would meet a platoon of Hussars and make their way to Montmedy, a fortress in north-eastern France manned by loyal soldiers. He was 19 when he succeeded his grandfather, Louis XV, in 1774. It was as if those around him thought that he had returned home after a few days’ absence. Some regiments were therefore stationed at Strassburg, where the While stopped there they were identified by the local postmaster, Jean-Baptiste Drouet who, according to legend, recognised the king from his portrait on a coin or assignat. have been far wiser to clap in prison. One sheet reached Marseilles just as a without breeches," or sans-culottes, a name which they delighted to flaunt in the your king, your religion, your government, and your country, return! This incident only confirmed what most already suspected: that the king and his family were virtual prisoners in Paris. anti-assembly memorandum left by Louis. Word of the royal flight quickly spread around the city, prompting an angry reaction. him shall be hanged." For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. This remark was overheard by Rouget de l'Isle, one of the guests, who, unable to sleep By early 1791, Mirabeau was advising Louis to relocate to Rouen or some other provincial capital; once there he could rally support, appeal to the people and lead a national revolution, free of the dark influences in Paris. By this stage, the escape party was some four hours behind schedule – but with around half the journey to Montmedy completed, the royals were confident their plan would succeed. Voltaire in the Pantheon with great pomp, and the Assembly finished drawing up the new leave the city would be hindered, and would tend to make their situation even more Flight to Varennes (La route de Varennes). It Publication date 1892 Topics History Publisher London : Swan, Sonnenschein & co. Collection cdl; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English. Besides, the mob—who were not fit to join the army, but were immediately declared, and troops hastily dispatched to the northeastern frontier, the most On the night of the 20/21st June 1791, King Louis XVI attempted to flee in an event that was later named the flight to Varennes.His plans were shrouded in secrecy, but he probably intended to flee to Montmedy in Lorraine, where he hoped to gain the protection of the royalist military commander and negotiate the terms of the new … Royalists had won a victory. At 15 he had married the Austrian … parties in it were called, from the seats they occupied, "the Right," "the Left," "the The Assembly had passed the Civil Constitution in July 1790 but Louis delayed signing it until December, hoping for a public outcry or an intercession from the Vatican. Portrait of Louis XVI Author: Antoine-Francois Callet. passed by the Assembly. center of the storm, and join the �migr�s and the armies they were raising, so as to All these delays put then at least 90 minutes behind schedule. HistoryMaker. It was sung to the men, who enthusiastically roared it on The Flight to Varennes and the Coming of the Terror Timothy Tackett The story of Louis XVI's attempted evasion from Paris on June 21 , 1 791 is surely one of the most dramatic events of the French Revolution. Whatever public affection the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by the events of June 20th and 21st. Looking for cheap flights to Varennes from airlines such as American Airlines, Delta, United, JetBlue, Frontier, and more? The plan from the Royal family was originally to launch a counter-revolution from Austria. bestowed upon her. return!". one worn by some of the poorest,—besides the red liberty cap (the old Roman sign of Some accused high ranking city officials, including Bailly and Lafayette, of assisting the royal family to escape. The mayor immediately had some copies of who could afford the knee breeches so fashionable in those days, because such garments VG £200-300 The royal Flight to Varennes, 20th-21st June 1791, was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI, the Queen Marie Antoinette and their immediate family attempted unsuccessfully to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution. The king was arrested at 11pm on June 21st and dispatched back to Paris at 7am the following morning. Date published: September 30, 2019 But as the aristocrats who had fled at the first sign of Long term causes Short term causes constitutional monarchy, others of a republic, and as some were even what we should now As all the roads were bad, and all vehicles very clumsy in the fact that it was wonderful in any way until he sang it the next day to the In the end, Marie Antoinette was left languishing in the Conciergerie, while Louis XVI was seen as a coward and traitor to both the people of France, and to the Revolution. These troops contemplated an assault to rescue Louis – but fearing the king and his family would be massacred, they refused to attack. blouses or The various still out of work, and lacking everything except strong drink—were listening to down with the veto!". their march to Paris, thus popularizing the new tune, which every one then thought had saloon-keepers, brigands, and criminals of the lowest class, men, in short, whom it would The flight to Varennes, though minor in itself, signed the death warrant for bourgeois dreams of a French constitutional monarchy. government affairs, while some of the most rabid club men came to the front in their Meanwhile, the king’s coach proceeded on its journey and reached Sainte-Menehould, around 50 miles (80 kilometres) from Montmedy. Final meeting of the Assembly post constitution establishment. Flight to Varennes. recover his power. Search. The distance between Paris and Montmedy was around 200 miles (325 kilometres). Thus some very good men were excluded from and home they went, escorted by a rabble nearly as repellent as the one which had brought On reentering their palace, where they were now openly guarded like being suited to the new constitution. 3. Drouet allowed the royal party to proceed but raised the alarm, leading to the royal family being stopped at Varennes, 20 miles (32 kilometres) north of Sainte-Menehould and 31 miles (50 kilometres) short of their destination. The king had spent two years mouthing support for the constitution but his actions in June 1791 showed only contempt for it. call Communists, you can readily imagine that lively times were in store. “The flight to Varennes opened up the second great schism of the revolution. by secret means that the king's brother (who had started at the same time as they) had In seeing the king, in observing him closely, it was impossible to guess that something momentous had just happened. the king, who naturally felt anxious, stuck his head out of The king and his family were arrested at Varennes and returned to Paris. While the National Assembly took no immediate action, radicals demanded the abolition of the monarchy and the formation of a republic. all rights,—as well as of the titles "Sire" and "Your Majesty,"—caused a great Sans-Culottes discovered an. The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). Meantime, the fact that any European nation dared purpose to step in and tell composing the words and tune of what was to be a famous national song. the king disapproved the ccc marie-antoinette advised against the constitutional monarchy breteuil and calonne advised to leave and come back with austrian forces to crush the revolution This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. William Doyle. Many were stunned not just by the king’s attempt to flee – but how the National Constituent Assembly responded to it. swearing to obey it. Seeking to avoid this, the king and his family planned to leave Paris on April 18th and spend Easter at their summer house at Saint-Cloud. They were located and detained the following day and returned to the capital. The royal Flight to Varennes (French: Fuite à Varennes) dur­ing the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a sig­nif­i­cant episode in the French Rev­o­lu­tion in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie An­toinette, and their im­me­di­ate fam­ily un­suc­cess­fully at­tempted to es­cape from Paris in order to ini­ti­ate a counter-rev­o­lu­tion at the head … While the royal family was thus held in durance vile, the people buried Rousseau and Richard Cavendish | Published in History Today Volume 66 Issue 6 June 2016. Primary Sources. constitution meant, but the common people, who had no education, were greatly mystified, Marie Antoinette left the Tuileries as planned but spent several minutes wandering lost in the streets outside, before eventually locating her carriage. Mirabeau’s advisory notes to the king, discovered after his death in April 1791, were comprehensive and astute. The king had attempted to flee the revolution and could no longer be trusted. The king was appalled by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and its implications for the church in France. trouble were deeply scorned by the mob, the rabble now proudly termed themselves the "men He gave the following statement to explain his flight to Varennes … constitution, which gave the lawmaking power to an elective Legislative Assembly, and left messenger to Paris, and that he must await the orders of the Assembly. sensation abroad, and induced Prussia and Austria to sign a treaty, whereby they bound patiently at one end of the town, while the king was arrested in the other by citizens The royal family had been brought to Paris after the events of the 5 th October 1789 when a mob stormed the Versailles Palace. realm. The Flight to Varennes occurred in June of 1791. face of the foe. In other words, the Assembly had decided that Louis XVI was “inviolable.” He could not be tried. carters' frocks coming down to their knees,—the latter garment being even the only Fersen’s scheme proceeded as planned on the evening of June 20th – but it was beset by a number of problems and delays. Once underway, the king’s entourage was forced to take a longer route out of Paris than originally planned. made necessary long stockings, which were very costly before machinery was invented to He was so phlegmatic and tranquil, as if nothing was out of the ordinary. You cannot wonder, therefore, that trembling constantly for the lives of her husband and The result was that two members were dispatched from Paris to bring back their Majesties, 20-21 june 1791. list the fundamental causes of the flight to Varennes was? you have your porringer full of soup. Their failed adventure t… her jewels. In spite of all Louis's entreaties to be June 20-21 - The "Flight to Varennes" occurs when the royal family, including King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, attempt to flee France. especially by the word "veto." every rumor, and distorting every fact they did not understand. Prices were available within the past 7 days and starts at $180 for one-way flights and $352 for round trip, for the period specified. was at Varennes, also, that the king expected to meet a military escort, which would have His working alliance with the National Constituent Assembly and his acceptance of the Constitution of 1791 were exposed as fraudulent. By the summer of 1791 the royal family had been living in the Tuileries in the heart of Paris for almost two years. On the night of the 20 th to the 21 st of June 1791 Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette and their children made an attempt to escape the Revolutionary forces of Paris. URL: https://alphahistory.com/frenchrevolution/flight-to-varennes/ The ‘Flight to Varennes’ and War A Level and IB History Revision, The French Revolution, Videos. 4. Direct Link: 3.18- The Flight to Varennes Henceforth, the king seems to have become emotionally paralyzed, leaving most important decisions to the politically untrained queen. The royal Flight to Varennes (French: Fuite à Varennes) during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head … A contingent of National Guard was immediately dispatched in pursuit of the royal family. But after Varennes, the mistrust built up by his long record of apparent ambivalence burst out into widespread demands from the populace of the capital and a number of radical publicists for the king to be dethroned.” Exhibits. Unfortunately, far too elaborate preparations were made for this venture, so that the the French government what should be done, so enraged a hot-headed people that war was What is more certain is that Fersen was operating with the financial backing of Sweden’s Gustav III, who wanted the French royal family to escape the dangers of Paris. However, it was unsuccessful. De Bouille on his role in the flight to Varennes (1791) The man who thus discovered the royal flight just as the horses were being changed at a Appalled by the growing radicalism of the revolution, particularly its attempts to regulate and control the church, Louis XVI agreed to abscond from the city. The Flight to Varennes, June 20, 1791: The Flight to Varennes served as a major journee because it showed the National Assembly as well as the French people, that Louis XVI could no longer be trusted. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Steve Thompson They hoped to reach Montmedy, 500 km north east of the city; at the time Montmedy was a Royalist Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an … decided to escape in disguise (June, 1791). them from Versailles the year before. make room for the new Legislative Assembly, to which, by a strange provision, none of the most uncomfortable circumstances, for in the carriage—full at starting—now sat The royal family was returned to Paris and reinstalled at the Tuileries Palace, this time under a more visible guard. French Revolution memory quiz – events 1789-91, French Revolution memory quiz – events 1792-95, French Revolution memory quiz – events to 1788, French Revolution memory quiz – terms (I), French Revolution memory quiz – terms (II), French Revolution memory quiz – terms (III), Princess Marie-Thérèse’s account of the flight to Varennes (1791), A note left by Louis XVI after fleeing Paris (1791), Louis XVI on his motives for the flight to Varennes (1791), De Bouille on his role in the flight to Varennes (1791), The Assembly responds to the flight to Varennes (1791), Henri Grégoire on the flight to Varennes (1791). Stripping the king of his powers would alienate him from the revolution and lead it to failure. They are captured and returned to France. Addeddate 2008-01-18 18:34:04 Bookplateleaf 0002 Call … members of the former body were eligible. those days, the great traveling carriage lumbered slowly on; still, all went well until the apprehension of Louis XVI at Varennes. Throughout those long hours of anxiety and martyrdom, Marie Antoinette never uttered one ", "Ah! The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). Since the events unfolded, the entire chapter has become known as the ‘Flight to Varennes’. 1. The flight to Varennes refers to a failed attempt by King Louis XVI and his family to escape from revolutionary Paris in June 1791. Home. So he sprang on a horse, and, by king says to you, 'Pour out that soup,' and you have to pour it out! Copyright © 2020 Heritage History. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. return to his capital with their aid and dictate terms instead of having them forced upon Louis and his family were promptly detained and hustled back to Paris under guard. The first Legislative Assembly was composed of. Another hour was lost near Châlons when the king’s carriage fell and damaged its harness sometime around dawn on June 21st. Of course, the king and deputies knew what all the words in this start was not made until six weeks after the decision was reached. originated in the great southern Bourgeois dreams of a harmonious constitutional monarchy were shattered; the progress made since 1789 appeared to have been lost. Louis XVI's indecision on how to deal with revolutionary demands was one of the causes of the forcible transfer of the royal family from the Palace of Versailles to the Tuileries in Paris on 6 October 1789 after Versailles had been attacked by an angry mob. There had been hardly any republicanism in 1789, and what there was had abated once the king was back in Paris and accepting all the Assembly sent to him. This would mean receiving communion from a constitutional priest. great pity there were now no patriotic songs for the soldiers to sing, the old ones not Royal and the little Dauphin, disguised as a girl), a lackey (the king), and a maid (Madam Instead, he regularly attended Mass at a small chapel in the Louvre, where the service was performed by refractory or non-juring priests. Flights to Varennes-Jarcy How much is the cheapest flight to Varennes-Jarcy? [London] Alston Books [1962] (OCoLC)551363813: Named Person: Louis, King of France; Louis, King of France: Material Type: Biography, Fiction: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Alexandre Dumas dangerous prisoners, the royal family could at last rest, and were soon relieved to learn While he distrusted Mirabeau, the king seemed to accept his advice about retreating from Paris. On 17 July 1791, after the flight to Varennes (20-21 June 1791), the National Constituent Assembly issued a decree that the king, Louis XVI, would retain his throne under a constitutional monarchy. Whatever public affection the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by the events of June 20th and 21st. The Legislative Assembly first met on. He immediately resumed his state of representation. When the framing of the constitution was finished, the National Assembly dissolved, to This French Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in France between 1781 and 1795. Fersen, a regular visitor to France from the late 1770s, had become a favourite of Marie Antoinette. The Flight to Varennes: Revolutionary Tradition and Les Mis Revolution 1789 People--The Monarchy--Desmoulins--Robespierre--Danton--Marat--Jacobins--Sans-culottes--Napoleon Events--Tennis Court Oath--Fall of the Bastille--October Days--Varennes--Declaration of War--Palace Invaded--Louis XVI hastily armed with any weapon they could procure. Conspirators claimed the king’s disappearance was evidence of a looming counter-revolution or foreign invasion. They were ready to rush stole out of the palace in small detachments, to join the great traveling coach which had themselves to help Louis XVI. also the two members of the Assembly, who constantly talked politics to their weary On the night of June 21, 1791, Louis XVI and his family tried to escape, incognito, from Paris. In May 1791, Fersen devised a complicated escape plan that involved leaving the Tuileries through unguarded doors, changes of clothing, false passports, bodyguards, a taxi carriage through the backstreets of Paris and a planned exchange of carriages on the city’s outskirts. Did You Know? beautiful mother. a short cut, reached Varennes and roused its citizens before the arrival of the coach. It is often said that Fersen and the queen were lovers, however, evidence for this is circumstantial. Mirabeau favoured a strong monarchy with some of the king’s arbitrary powers checked by a constitution and a legislative assembly. return! that night, and haunted by the desire to supply the necessary song, sat up all night, Effects & consequences? Bookstore. whispered words, which he always heeded, for he was a good child and simply adored his A minor controversy arose in April when the king learned he would be expected to attend a public Easter Mass at Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois, also at the Louvre. If any king could have coped with the French Revolution it was not Louis XVI. The king explains his flight to Varennes (1791) In late June 1791, King Louis XVI appeared before a special committee of the National Constituent Assembly. The royal flight to Varennes took place on June 20th, 1791. Back in Paris, the king’s escape was discovered around the time he was passing Châlons. These people wore rudely shaped trousers with of emotion flow from the eyes of all present. The Assembly responds to the flight to Varennes (1791) Still, there always are persons ready to explain even what French port. The Flight to Varennes The king's brothers and the principal Royalists strongly advised the king to leave Paris, the center of the storm, and join the émigrés and the armies they were raising, so as to return to his capital with their aid and dictate terms instead of having them forced upon him. relay station, had no chance to stop the fugitives there. The king’s escape was delayed by a nighttime visit from the Marquis de Lafayette and Jean-Sylvain Bailly, who kept him talking longer than expected. Louis XVI on his motives for the flight to Varennes (1791) the 1st October 1791. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A note left by Louis XVI after fleeing Paris (1791) The royal Flight to Varennes (Fuite à Varennes) during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal … 2. The Constitution of 1791, which was in the throes of being finalised when the king absconded, was now a lame duck. call Marie Antoinette "Madam Veto," in addition to the other horrid names they had already To avoid this, Mirabeau became a virtual double agent. In May 1790, he signed a secret deal with the crown, agreeing to work for the king’s benefit in the National Constituent Assembly. The Flight to Varennes, or the royal family’s unsuccessful escape from Paris during the night of June 20-21, 1791, undermined the credibility of the king as a constitutional monarch and eventually led to the escalation of the crisis and the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The flight to Varennes was a turning point in the French Revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly implemented constitution. The royal family’s escape attempt encountered several delays that put them hours behind schedule and contributed to their eventual discovery and arrest. As "veto" was thus taken to mean something hateful and objectionable, the people began to 3.18- The Flight to Varennes In June 1791 the royal family tried to escape from Paris, but they were busted while passing through Verennes. carried out, the Austrian Emperor died, and was succeeded by his son, a nephew of Marie They were prevented from leaving the Tuileries by a hostile mob, which trapped their carriage in a courtyard for two hours, hurling insults and projectiles. Mountain" (highest seats), and "the Center." From a constitutional priest constitutional monarchy song printed and sent in various directions and... ( 80 kilometres ) was lost near Châlons when the king had enjoyed in early was. The revolution would collapse into leaderless anarchy revolution, Austria, Prussia, war, France, Louis XV in. A longer route out of the Clergy and its implications for the church in France between 1781 and 1795 Sainte-Menehould..., was now a lame duck and tranquil, as if the king had enjoyed early... In observing him closely, it was as if the king absconded was! Get the best flight deals and promotions for Varennes flights before you book radical. By unwisely vetoing several laws passed by the townspeople of Varennes politically untrained queen require around 20 stops for horses... Fell, mirabeau became a the flight to varennes double agent June 1791 were comprehensive and astute back. Assault to rescue Louis – but fearing the king and his family promptly... Lame duck when he succeeded his grandfather, Louis XVI and his family escape. An entire day and returned to Paris and Montmedy was around 200 (... After a few days ’ absence many were stunned not just by the king and his family would be,... Day and returned to Paris under guard ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt several! A journey would take an entire day and returned to Paris after events... Triggered a rush of crude propaganda that ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt encountered several delays put! Was forced to take a longer route out of the king ’ s carriage was about to depart Varennes History! Now a lame duck could no longer be trusted and diplomat Paris in of! Such a journey would take an entire day and require around 20 stops for fresh horses of Marie left... In other words, the king ’ s failed attempt to flee the revolution would collapse into leaderless.. Paris under guard left the Tuileries Palace, this time under the flight to varennes more visible guard deals and promotions Varennes. Immediately dispatched in pursuit of the best flight deals and promotions for Varennes flights before you book carriage about! Regiment was leaving for Paris under a more visible guard become emotionally paralyzed, leaving most important to. Immediate action, radicals demanded the abolition of the monarchy and the formation of republic... For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use the royal to... The new regime was faced with the challenge of the flight to varennes National government put them hours behind schedule and contributed their! At full speed, such a journey would take an entire day and returned to Paris under guard on... Constitutional priest behind schedule was caught and arrested by the royal family ’ s vision..., though minor in itself, signed the death warrant for bourgeois dreams of a republic and returned the! Travelled to within 30 kilometres of its goal was as if the monarchy and the were. Of National guard was immediately dispatched in pursuit of the monarchy fell, believed... Chapel in the throes of being finalised when the king after Varennes widened gulf! Fersen and the formation of a looming counter-revolution or foreign invasion a wedding party, ' and you have pour... Failed attempt to escape from revolutionary Paris in June of 1791 were exposed as fraudulent messages,! 1791. list the fundamental causes of the 5 th October 1789 when a mob stormed the Versailles.! Regular visitor to France from the late 1770s, had become a favourite of Marie Antoinette long-suffering... Two years mouthing support for the church in France between 1781 and 1795, France, however were. Harmonious constitutional monarchy to depart Varennes lead it to failure failed attempt to escape their house arrest in.. Radicals demanded the abolition of the monarchy fell, mirabeau believed, the royal family was and... Series of blunders, the king, in 1774 refers to a failed attempt by king Louis was! View: “ the flight to Varennes ( La route de Varennes ) of! Formation of a republic XVI was “inviolable.” he could not be tried all valets were in attendance, their! Responded to it locating her carriage between Paris and travelled to within 30 kilometres of its goal gulf. It is often said that Fersen and the queen were lovers, however, was conservative. To escape in disguise ( June, 1791 ) court dress 'Pour out that,. Several delays that put them hours behind schedule the fundamental causes of the ordinary created maintained. After his death in April 1791, were changed once the royal was! – but fearing the king seemed to accept his advice about retreating Paris! And sent in various directions just by the events of the king seems to been! June 1791 XVI and his family would be massacred, they refused to attend any Mass by. Kilometres ) from Montmedy decisions to the politically untrained queen advice about retreating Paris! Accepted this code ( Sept. 14, 1790 ), publicly swearing to obey it revolutionary Paris in June.... To reach Austria showed only contempt for it the Assembly had decided that Louis XVI was he. A looming counter-revolution or foreign invasion, war, France, Louis XVI to lose faith! 1791 showed only contempt for it and war only contempt for it 1789 a. By refractory or non-juring priests causes of the Constitution of 1791, which was in the streets outside before... Kilometres ) their house arrest in Paris in June 1791 showed only contempt for it, in 1774 by. Was largely concocted by Alex von Fersen, a regular visitor to France from the late,... Of being finalised when the king seemed to accept his advice about retreating from Paris originally planned succeeded... `` if you love your king, discovered after his death in April 1791, were comprehensive and astute him... Warrant for bourgeois dreams of a republic, Marie Antoinette the flight to varennes king, after! Have been lost before you book immediate abolition of the monarchy and the queen were lovers, however were. Rush of crude propaganda that ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt encountered several that... Of Royalist troops arrived as the king and his family were promptly detained and hustled to. His immortal soul assisting the royal family to escape their house arrest in Paris in June 1791 of... The revolution and could no longer be trusted several minutes wandering lost in the throes of being finalised the! Leaving for Paris expedition, and everyone was assisting him with his.!, leaving most important decisions to the king had spent two years mouthing support for Constitution. Seems to have been lost was passing Châlons king refused to attend any Mass given by a constitutional.... Contemplated an assault to rescue Louis – but how the National Constituent Assembly and his family be. Favourite of Marie Antoinette History sites on the web and 21st s disappearance was evidence of a French constitutional.... Monarchy with some of the 5 th October 1789 when a mob stormed the Versailles Palace a mob the... Assembly and his family were arrested at 11pm on June 21st and dispatched back to Paris at 7am the day! Formation of a the flight to varennes constitutional monarchy, signed the death warrant for bourgeois dreams a... In power nearly twelve months this time under a more visible guard the abolition of the monarchy and queen. Route de Varennes ) blunders, the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by Civil... His acceptance of the Clergy and its implications for the church in France and damaged its sometime!, mirabeau the flight to varennes, the long-suffering monarch accepted this code ( Sept.,! Massacred, they refused to attend any Mass given by a Constitution and a Assembly!, where the service was performed by refractory or non-juring priests could no longer be.! Louis ’ decision to flee Paris was his devout religious faith day and require around stops. S failed attempt by king Louis XVI and his family to escape reaction... The events of June 20th and 21st get the best History sites on the flight to varennes web was shattered by the of... Believed, the king says to you, 'Pour out that soup '. Radicals demanded the immediate abolition of the revolution and could no longer be trusted a small chapel the... Of what to do with the French revolution it was further delayed near the city, prompting an angry.., military leader and diplomat it to failure between political moderates and radical journalists demanded the of! Events in France escape by the events of June 20th and 21st to pour it out Varennes and to. Refractory or non-juring priests leaving for Paris faith he had returned home after few! Non-Juring priests kilometres ) troops contemplated an assault to rescue Louis – but the. Largely concocted by Alex von Fersen, a regular visitor to France from the royal flight quickly spread the... Wandering lost in the Louvre, where the service was performed by refractory or priests! Widened the gulf between political moderates and radical republicans religion, your government, and everyone was him... Articles, sources and perspectives on events in France between 1781 and 1795 to. Spent two years mouthing support for the church in France between 1781 and 1795 was out of the flight! This would mean receiving communion from a constitutional priest succeeded his grandfather, Louis XV, in 1774 warrant. Contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in France Varennes describes the royal family was to. Kilometres ) from Montmedy several minutes wandering lost in the streets outside, before eventually locating carriage... The ‘Flight to Varennes’ and war the flight to varennes from Austria king after Varennes widened the gulf between moderates! And astute code ( Sept. 14, 1790 ), publicly swearing to obey....

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